Sevenoaks District Local Plan Proposed Submission Version Regulation 19 Consultation (including Appendices 1-4)


For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply:

Glossary and Abbreviations 

Affordable rented housing

Owned by a housing association and let to eligible households in housing need (applicants have been accepted onto the Sevenoaks District Housing Register). Rents and service charges can be set at up to 80% of market rents, but tend to be capped at a lower level to ensure housing benefit can cover all eligible costs.

Air Quality Management Area (AQMA)

The NPPF defines AQMAs as "Areas designated by Local Authorities because they are not likely to achieve national air quality objectives by the relevant deadlines". The Environment Act 1995 requires local councils to regularly assess the air quality in their area to see if any of the key pollutants in the National Air Quality Strategy are likely to exceed the targets currently set. In locations where this is likely to happen and where the public are exposed to pollution, the Council is required to designate an "Air Quality Management Area".

Allocations and Development Management Plan (ADMP)

The Allocations and Development Management Plan was adopted in 2015. It is a document that sets out the planning policies which manages development across the District, as well as setting out site allocations for housing, employment and mixed-use developments. This document sits alongside the Core Strategy and covers the plan period up to 2026. The new Local Plan will replace this document and the Core Strategy.

Ancient Woodland

An area that has been wooded continuously since at least 1600 AD.

Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB)

An area with statutory national landscape designation, the primary purpose of which is to conserve and enhance natural beauty. Together with National Parks, AONB represent the nation's finest landscapes. AONB are designated by Natural England.

Article 4 Direction

Direction removing some or all permitted development rights for specific properties. This will mean that a planning application will be required to be submitted

Assets of Community Value

Land or property of importance to a local community which is subject to additional protection from development under the Localism Act 2011.


Basins can be used to store and treat water. 'Wet' ponds/basins have a constant body of water and run-off is additional, while 'dry' basins/ponds are empty during periods without rainfall. Ponds can be designed to allow infiltration into the ground or to store water for a period of time before discharge.

Biodiversity Opportunity Areas (BOA)

Regional priority areas of opportunity for restoration and creation of Biodiversity Action Plans (BAP) habitats areas of greatest of greatest potential for restoration and creation. They are areas of opportunity, not constraint. The BOAs are designated by the South East England Biodiversity Forum.

Bioretention area/ Bioattenuation

A vegetated area with gravel and sand layers below designed to channel, filter and cleanse water vertically. Water can infiltrate into the ground below or drain to a perforated pipe and be conveyed elsewhere. Bioretention systems can be integrated with tree-pits or gardens.

Bird Brick

A brick bird box which can be integrated into an external wall.

Blue Green Infrastructure

Green infrastructure goes beyond traditional site-based landscaping. It requires an assessment of both natural/semi-natural features and biodiversity within the site, and furthers its links with the natural environment of its surroundings and, where appropriate, the wider character of the area. The provision of Green Infrastructure can include:

  • Incorporating "living roofs";
  • Connecting with existing PROW network;
  • Using plants and trees which extend existing native habitats around site boundaries; and
  • The provision of formal and informal recreational spaces (including the provision for children and young people where appropriate).

Blue Infrastructure includes blue corridors, or a network of water bodies, are intimately connected with green corridors. The 'blue' environment can encompass natural water courses, lakes and ponds as well as man-made water bodies and manufactured drainage features

Brownfield (locally defined)

For the purposes of the identification of potential land in this consultation, 'brownfield' has been defined in the widest sense i.e. land that has been previously developed (is no longer a green field), without considering the exclusions outlined in the NPPF. Once the Local Plan is further developed, consideration will be given as to whether the exclusions set out in the NPPF are relevant for the development of the strategy.

Brownfield land

See "Previously developed land"

Bug Hotel/ Bug Box

An insect hotel, also know as a bug hotel or insect house, is a manmade structure to provide shelter for insects.

Building for Life

Building for Life 12 (BfL 12) is the industry standard for the design of new housing developments and has been produced by the Design Council.  Developments are assessed against 12 questions using a traffic light system.  A well designed scheme should perform well against all 12 of the new questions - the top score being 12 Greens.

Cellular Storage

Water can be stored in tanks, gravel or plastic crates beneath the ground to provide attenuation.

Change of Use

A change in the way that land or buildings are used (see Use Classes Order). Planning permission is usually necessary in order to change from one 'use class' to another.

Climate Change

A change in global or regional climate patterns, in particular a change apparent from the mid to late 20th century onwards and attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by the use of fossil fuels.

Climate change adaption

Adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities. Various types of adaptation can be distinguished, including anticipatory, autonomous and planned adaption.

Climate change mitigation

Involves reducing the flow of heat-trapping greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, either by reducing sources of these gases (for example, the burning of fossil fuels for electricity, heat or transport) or enhancing the "sinks" that accumulate and store these gases (such as the oceans, forests and soil).

Combined Heat and Power

Combined heat and power (CHP) is the use of a heat engine or power station to generate electricity and useful heat at the same time.

Community Infrastructure Ley (CIL)

A levy allowing local authorities to raise funds from owners or developers of land undertaking new building projects in the area. A local authority is allowed to set its own rates (£. per m2) on particular qualifying developments. Contributions raised on qualifying developments are then used for infrastructure delivery within the local authority area.

Community Right to Bid

Allows communities and parish councils to nominate buildings or land for listing by the local authority as an asset of community value. If the assets comes up for sale, the community can 'pause' the sale and take up to six months to find the funding required to buy the asset.

Comparison retail

Retail goods that are typically non-food (e.g. clothing, electrical goods), and bought less frequently.

Conservation Areas

Areas of special architectural or historical interest, where development should preserve and enhance their special character and qualities. These areas are designated by the Local Planning Authority under Section 69 of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 which gives them statutory recognition and protection.

Convenience retail

Everyday essential shopping goods, which typically relate to food.

Core Strategy

The Core Strategy is a long term, strategic document which forms part of the District's spatial strategy. The Core Strategy was adopted in February 2011 and covers the current plan period up to 2026. The new Local Plan will replace the Core Strategy and the Allocations and Development Management Plan.

Custom Build

Custom build homes are self build homes facilitated in some way by a developer. This still offers the chance to have a unique home that suits your needs, lifestyle and design preferences, but through a more hands off approach than a traditional self build.

Dead Frontage

A façade that is blank (e.g. lacking a window display, entrance and offers no life or activity to the street).


In the case of residential development, a measurement of either the number of habitable rooms per hectare or the number of dwellings per hectare.

Design Panel

A panel of independent experts and practitioners who review the design of schemes put forward to the panel. They provide advice and comments in regard to the design of the scheme and suggest improvements where necessary.

Design South East

Design South East is a regional trust which provides impartial design advice and assistance to support Local Authorities, developers and communities. It is an non profit and independent organisation.

Development Plan Document (DPD)

The documents that a local planning authority must prepare (to make up its Local Plan) and which have to be subject to rigorous procedures of community involvement, consultation and independent examination. It should contain the following elements:

  • A spatial strategy for the District;
  • Site specific allocations of land and development management policies; and
  • Policies map (with insets, where necessary)

District Heating

A heating system in which centrally generated heat is distributed via ducts and pipes to multiple buildings or locations.

Draft Revised NPPF (National Planning Policy Framework)

The draft revised National Planning Policy Framework incorporates policy proposals previously consulted on in the Housing White Paper and the Planning for the right homes in the right places consultation - the government responses to these are available at the respective consultation pages.

Dwelling/ Dwellinghouse

A self-contained building or part of a building used as a residential accommodation, and usually housing a single household. A dwelling may be a house, bungalow, flat, maisonette or converted farm building.

Economic Development

Development for employment use, including those within the B Use Classes as well as other employment generating uses (but excluding housing development).

Economic Needs Study (ENS)

A study which is an important component of the evidence base for the development of the new Local Plan by providing an objective assessment of the need for employment land over the emerging plan period to 2033/35. This reflects the requirements of the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) and Planning Practice Guidance (PPG), and builds upon previous evidence base studies including the 2015 Strategic Housing Market Assessment (SHMA).

Exceptional circumstances

The Government does not define exceptional circumstances, but as part of the new Local Plan it is suggested that this may occur, for example, where new housing development achieves the sustainable reuse of brownfield land; ensures the delivery of new and needed key infrastructure ( meaning infrastructure that is over and above that which the developer would be required to provide in any event in order to mitigate the impact of the development and other than housing); is needed to achieve regeneration and helps achieve significant compensatory improvements in the Green Belt.

Fitness Station

Individual apparatus for fitness usually found in a fitness gym but can also include outdoor resistance apparatus.

Fields in Trust

an independent charity with over 90 years' experience protecting parks and green spaces. They work with landowners, community groups and policy makers to champion the value of parks and green spaces to achieve better protection for their future at both local and national level.  Fields in Trust's benchmark guidelines are a crucial tool for developers, planners, urban designers and landscape architects in the design of outdoor sport, play and informal open space and are in accordance with the National Planning Policy Framework.

Flood Zone

Flood zones refer to the probability of river and sea flooding over areas of land. There are varying levels of flood risk which are set out in the National Planning Practice Guidance.

Fluvial flooding

Flooding resulting from water levels exceeding the bank level of a main river.

Functional Economic Market Area (FEMA)

Economic analysis is best undertaken at the spatial level at which the relevant economic market operates - or the 'functional economic market area'

Granny Pod

A Granny Pod is a tiny home built, or placed, on the same property as the home of someone who will look after the occupant.

Green Belt

A designation for land around certain cities and large built-up areas, which aims o keep this land permanently open or largely undeveloped.

Green Corridor

A green corridor is a route by which wildlife can move from one habitat to another such as river banks, railways embankments and roadside verges. They can also include human recreational connections such as public rights of way and cycle routes.

Green Lung

An area of open space within a settlement which contributes to a healthy environment.

Green Roof

A planted soil layer is constructed on the roof of a building to create a living surface. Water is stored in the soil layer and absorbed by vegetation.

Greenfield Land or Site

Land (or a defined site) usually farmland, that has not previously been developed.


An important part of the natural water cycle present underground, within strata known as aquifers.

Gypsies and Travellers

Persons of nomadic habit of life whatever their race or origin, including such persons who on grounds only of their own or their family's or dependents' educational or health needs or old age have ceased to travel temporarily, but excluding members of an organised group of travelling showpeople or circus people travelling together as such.

Gypsy and Traveller Accommodation Assessment (GTAA)

Evidence base document to support the Local Plan outlining the District's objectively assessed need for Gypsy and Traveller Accommodation.

Habitat Regulation Assessment

Is a recognised step by step process which helps determine likely significant effect of development on a habitat and where appropriate they can be used to assess the adverse impacts on the integrity of a European site. An assessment will examine alternative solutions and provide justification for imperative reasons of over riding public interest for the development (IROPI).

Heritage asset

Heritage Asset - A building, monument, site, place, area or landscape identified as having a degree of significance meriting consideration in planning decisions, because of its heritage interest. Heritage Asset includes designated heritage assets and assets identified by the Local Planning Authority (including Local Listing)

Designated Heritage Asset - A World heritage Site, Scheduled Ancient Monument, Listed Building, Protected Wreck Site, Registered Park and Garden, registered Battlefield or Conservation Area designated under the relevant legislation.

Historic Parks and Gardens

A park or garden of special historic interest. Graded I (highest quality), II* or II. All designations are made by Historic England.

Housing Market Area (HMA)

Planning for housing takes place on a scale that is larger than most local authorities because market dynamics and population changes do not respect administrative boundaries. They cut across them, operating at different scales. The West Kent Housing Market Area (HMA) includes Sevenoaks, Tonbridge and Tunbridge Wells

Housing White Paper

At the time of this document's publication (August 2017), the Housing White Paper was a consultation paper on the Government's proposed housing and planning reforms. This was consulted upon between March and May 2017. Whilst it is not Government policy at the moment, it is important that we recognise its significance and potential challenges that the White Paper poses whilst producing a new Local Plan.


Basic services necessary for development to take place (e.g. roads, electricity, water and sewerage, education and health facilities).

Infrastructure Delivery Plan (IDP)

A document which shows the amount of infrastructure required to facilitate development

Intermediate housing

Owned by a housing association which is sold or rented to eligible households at a cost above social rent levels but below market levels. Applicants must be registered under Help to Buy and can have a household income of up to £80,000 per year. Priority is given to military personnel and, for a limited period, to those with a local connection to the District. Intermediate housing includes:

  • Shared equity housing - purchasers typically buy a 75-80% share of the property with no rent payable to the housing association on the remainder.
  • Shared ownership housing - purchasers buy a 25-75% share of the property and pay a subsidised rent to the housing association on the remainder.
  • Intermediate rented housing - generally let on Assured Shorthold tenancies, the rent plus service charge is no more than 80% of the market rent.

Kent Nature Partnership

The Kent Nature Partnership was awarded Local Nature Partnership (LNP) status by the government in July 2012 to drive positive change in the local natural environment. The Partnership takes a strategic view of the challenges and opportunities involved in managing the natural environment as a system benefiting biodiversity, people and the local economy.

Kent Wildlife Trust Reserves

Nature reserves managed by Kent Wildlife Trust (a nationally recognised registered charity).

Key Worker

A Government scheme running since 2004 helping key workers in London, the South East and East of England to buy a home, upgrade to a family home or rent a home at an affordable price.

Landscape Character

The distinct and recognisable pattern of elements that occur consistently in a particular type of landscape. It reflects particular combinations of geology, landform, soils, vegetation, land use and human settlement.

Lead Local Flood Authority

Unitary authorities or County Councils that are responsible for developing, maintaining and applying a strategy for local flood risk management in their areas and for maintaining a register of flood risk assets. They also have lead responsibility for managing the risk of flooding from surface water, groundwater and ordinary watercourses.

Listed Building

A building of special architectural or historic interest. Listed buildings are graded I, II* or II with grade I being the highest. Listing includes the interior as well as the exterior of the building, and any buildings of permanent structures (e.g. wells with its curtilage). Designations are made by Historic England.

Living roofs and walls

Roofs and walls that are partial or completely covered with vegetation and a growing medium, planted over a waterproofing membrane. It may also include additional layers such as a root barrier and drainage and irrigation system.

Local Centre

Locally significant areas of retail to which protection policies apply, in accordance with the NPPF. Local centres have been divided into neighbourhood and village centres in the Local Plan.

Local Housing Need

Affordable rural housing (or Local Needs Housing) is housing that:
Is developed and managed by a Housing Association and made available for rent or shared ownership.
Is exclusively for people who have strong connections to a village.
Remains affordable for local people in perpetuity.
Is a small development, sensitively designed to be in keeping with the character of the village.
Can help a community remain thriving and sustainable.
Enables families to remain living in close proximity and provide support to each other.
Including local needs market housing and affordable housing

Local List

A range of buildings and structures that together make a positive contribution to the character and distinctiveness of the District. The Local List (which currently covers Sevenoaks Town only) does not provide any additional planning controls but buildings on the list have the status of heritage assets and their conservation is an objective of the NPPF. The inclusion of a building or structure on the list will be a material consideration that we will take into account when considering planning applications.

Local Nature Reserves

Local Nature Reserves (LNRs) are for both people and wildlife. They are places with wildlife or geological features that are of special interest locally. They offer people special opportunities to study or learn about nature or simply to enjoy it.

Local Plan

The plan for the future development of the local area, drawn up by the local planning authority in consultation with the community. In law, this is described as the development plan documents adopted under the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004.

Local Wildlife Site

Local wildlife sites, previously known as Sites of Nature Conservation Interest (SNCIs), are sites which are important to nature conservation interests in a local context. They are designated by the Kent Wildlife Trust.

Micro House

A Micro House is a small house that is often energy-efficient and designed strategically to maximise usable space while minimizing the home's footprint.

Multi-Use Games Area (MUGA)

An enclosed area, using a synthetic grass or hard surface for playing sports, for example five-a-side football or netball.

National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF)

The document that sets out national planning policies from Government for England and how they are to be applied during the planning process. The NPPF must be taken into account when preparing Local Plans and Neighbourhood Plans. It must also be used as a material consideration when determining planning applications. Further guidance on particular topics is set out in the National Planning Practice Guidance (NPPG), and is updated regularly to reflect the application of national planning policies (

Neighbourhood Plans

A plan prepared by a Parish Council or Neighbourhood Forum for a particular neighbourhood area (made under the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004).

Non-designated heritage assets

A building, monument, site, place, area or landscape identified by the Local Planning Authority as having a degree of significance meriting consideration in planning decisions, because of its heritage interest. It can include assets identified by the Local Planning Authority (including Local listing) but does not include any asset formally designated under the relevant legislation i.e. Conservation area, Listed Building or scheduled ancient monument.

Objectively Assessed Need (OAN)

An unconstrained figure based on the latest Government population and household projections, but is not considered as the District's housing target. This evidence is used against other evidence bases gathered to determine the District's housing target.

Office for National Statistics (ONS)

Independent producer of official statistics and the recognised national statistical institute of the UK

Older People

People over retirement age, including the active, newly-retired through to the very frail elderly, whose housing needs can encompass accessible, adaptable general needs housing for those looking to downsize from family housing and the full range of retirement and specialised housing for those with support or care needs.

Original Building

A Building as it existed on 1 July 1948 or, if constructed after 1 July 1948, as it was built originally.

Outdoor Accommodation

Glamping, camping, caravanning, free sleeping

Permeable Paving

A range of sustainable materials and techniques for permeable pavements with a base and subbase that allow the movement of stormwater through the surface. In addition to reducing runoff, this effectively traps suspended solids and filters pollutants from the water.

Pitch for Gypsy and Traveller

There is no set definition of what should be contained within a pitch but it is generally accepted that an average family pitch must be capable of accommodating a large trailer and touring caravan, an amenity building, parking space and a small garden area.

Playing Pitch Strategy

A document outlining the needs and supply of playing pitches within a local authority area. The document is prepared in partnership with Sport National Governing Bodies and endorsed by Sport England.

Previously Developed Land (PDL)

Previously developed land which is or was occupied by a permanent structure, including the curtilage of the developed land and any associated fixed surface infrastructure.

Primary Shopping Frontage

Primary frontage are likely to include a high proportion of retail uses which may include food, drinks, clothing and household goods.

Public Right of Way

A way over which the public have a right to pass and repass, including Public Footpaths, Public Bridleways, Restricted Byways and Byways Open to All Traffic.

Rain Gardens

A rain garden is a planted depression or a hole that allows rainwater runoff from impervious urban areas, like roofs, driveways, walkways, parking lots, and compacted lawn areas, the opportunity to absorb.

Rainfall Event

A storm with a specific intensity and duration

Rapid Electric Vehicle Points

Rapid charge points can charge an electric vehicle battery in around 30 minutes. They allow high mileage users, such as electric taxi and private hire drivers and freight and fleet operators, to quickly charge their vehicle.

Registered Parks and Gardens

A park or garden of special historic interest. They are graded I (highest quality), II* or II. All designations are made by Historic England.

Retail Study

An up-to-date evidence base on the existing and future roles and performance of the District's Town, and Service Centres and assess future demand for retail floorspace in the District over the period to 2035. The study has full regard to the expected levels of growth in Sevenoaks and neighbouring authorities, as well as recent and emerging changes in consumer behaviour.

Retirement Village

A complex containing residential premises that are: predominantly or exclusively occupied, or intended to be predominantly or exclusively occupied, or intended to be predominantly or exclusively occupied.

Return Period

The probability of a rainfall event occurring over a set period of time

River Basin Management Plan (RBMPs)

These Management Plans set out how organisations, stakeholders and communities will work together to protect and improve the quality of our water environment. These plans were updated in 2015 and set out how the minimum of 680 (14%) of waters will improve over the next 6 years from around £3 billion investment.

Roadside Nature Reserves

Areas adjacent to road which have been identified, protected and managed by the Kent and Medway Road Verge Project. These areas provide vital wildlife corridors for many species and include a number of scarce and threatened habitats.

Scheduled Ancient Monument

Section 61(12) of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 defines an ancient monument as "any scheduled monument" and "any other monument which in the opinion of the Secretary of State is of the public interest by reason of the historic, architectural, traditional, artistic or archaeological interest attaching to it".

Secondary Shopping Frontage

secondary frontages likely to include a diversity of uses such as retail, restaurants, cinemas and businesses.

Secured by Design

Secured by Design (SBD) is a police initiative to guide and encourage those engaged within the specification, design and building of new homes to adopt crime prevention measures in the design of their schemes.

Self Build

The building of homes by their owners

Shepherd Hut

A small home on wheels

Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI)

A site identified under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 (as amended by the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000) as an area of special interest by reasons of any of its flora, fauna, geological or physiographical features (e.g. plants, animals, and natural features relating to the Earth's structures).


a pit typically filled with hard core, into which waste water is piped so that it drains slowly out into surrounding soil.

Social rented housing

Owned by a housing association and let to eligible households in housing need (applicants have been accepted onto the Sevenoaks District Housing Register). Rents are set through the national rent regime but are generally around 50-60% of market rents.

Special Area of Conservation (SAC)  

Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) are strictly protected sites designated under the European Commission Habitats Directive. A SAC protects one or more special habitats and/or species, terrestrial or marine, listed in the Habitats Directive

Special Protection Area (SPA)  

Special Protection Areas (SPAs) are strictly protected sites classified in accordance with Article 4 of the European Commission Birds Directive, which came into force in April 1979. They are classified for rare and vulnerable birds, and for regularly occurring migratory species.

Strategic Access Management and Monitoring (SAMM)


Wealden, Sevenoaks, Mid Sussex, Lewes, Tunbridge Wells and Tandridge Councils have been working in partnership with the Conservators of Ashdown Forest and Natural England since 2012 to develop a Joint Strategic Access Management and Monitoring (SAMM) Strategy. The SAMM Strategy aims to provide mitigation to facilitate development where it might otherwise have been restricted due to impacts on Ashdown Forest.

Strategic Flood Risk Assessment (SFRA)

This assessment provides an overview of the methodology, assumptions, uncertainties, tasks undertaken and the links to the wider sustainability appraisal process. It provides policy recommendations and guidance for the application of the Sequential Test, the preparation of flood risk assessments and the use of sustainable drainage systems, within the Council's administrative boundary.

Strategic Housing & Economic Land Availability Assessment (SHELAA)

A Strategic Housing and Economic Land Availability Assessment should:

  • identify sites and broad locations with potential for development;
  • assess their development potential; and
  • assess their suitability for development, and the likelihood of development coming forward (the availability and achievability).

This approach ensures that all land is assessed together as part of plan preparation to identify which sites or broad locations are the most suitable and deliverable for a particular use. The assessment is an important evidence base to inform plan making. However it does not in itself determine whether a site should be allocated for development. This is because not all sites considered in the assessment will be suitable for development (e.g. because of policy constraints or if they are unviable). It is the role of the assessment to provide information on the range of sites which are available to meet need, but it is for the development plan itself to determine which of those sites are the most suitable to meet those needs.

Strategic Housing Market Assessment (SHMA)

A Strategic Housing Market Assessment should:

  • Estimate housing need and demand in terms of affordable and market housing.
  • Determine how the distribution of need and demand varies across the plan area, for example, as between the urban and rural areas.
  • Consider the future demographic trends and identify the accommodation requirements of specific groups such as homeless households, Black and Minority Ethic groups, first time buyers, disabled groups, older people, Gypsies and Travellers, and occupational groups such as key workers, student and operational defence personnel.

Suitable Alternative Natural Greenspace


Suitable Alternative Natural Greenspace' (SANGS) is the name given to the green space that is of a quality and type suitable to be used as mitigation for residential and where necessary tourism development likely to affect the Ashdown Forest

Supplementary Planning Document (SPD)

SPDs provide further guidance regarding how Local Plan policies should be implemented.

Surface water flooding

Flooding as a result of surface water runoff because of high intensity rainfall when water is ponding or flowing over the ground surface before it enters the underground drainage network or watercourse, or cannot enter it because the network is full to capacity, thus causing what is known as pluvial flooding.

Sustainability Appraisal (SA)

Assessment of the social, economic and environmental impacts of the policies and proposals contained with the new Local Plan including how the plan meets the Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive.

Sustainable development

There are three dimensions to sustainable development: economic, social and environmental. Pursuing sustainable development involves seeking positive improvements in the quality of the built, natural and historic environment, as well as in people's quality of life including (but not limited to):

  • Making it easier for jobs to be created in cities, towns and villages;
  • Moving from a net loss of bio-diversity to achieving net gains for nature;
  • Replacing poor design with better design;
  • Improving the conditions in which people live, work, travel and take leisure; and widening the choice of high quality homes.

Sustainable Drainage Systems (SuDs)

An alternative approach from the traditional ways to manage runoff from buildings and hardstanding. They can reduce the total amount, flow and rate of surface water that runs directly to rivers through stormwater systems.


Swales are vegetated shallow depressions designed to convey and filter water. These can be 'wet' where water gathers above the surface, or 'dry' where water gathers in a gravel layer beneath. Can be lined or unlined to allow infiltration.


To be confirmed

Town Centre

A defined area, including the primary shopping area and areas predominately occupied by main town centre uses.

Transport hub

A place where passengers and cargo are exchanged between vehicles or between transport modes. Public transport hubs include train and bus stations and airports.

Use Classes

A list that categorises types of development (see the end of the glossary for the full Use Class Order)

Village Design Statements (VDS)

Documents prepared by local people to guide new development in their villages. They are used when assessing planning applications for development and other changes within these villages.

Visitor Attraction

A visitor attraction is a place of interest where tourists visit, typically for its inherent or exhibited natural or cultural value, historical significance natural or built beauty, offering leisure and amusement.

West Kent Leader Programme

A source of funding available to farmers, growers, foresters, rural businesses and communities to help secure a sustainable future for rural West Kent.

Wildlife Corridor

Areas of habitat connecting wildlife populations